Self-Help Articles for Stress, Depression, Anxiety, Anger, Counseling, CBT and REBT. Info on herbs and herbal natural remedies, therapy worksheets. > Different Types of DEPRESSION





Understanding the Different Types of Depression

Depression is not a single disorder. Different types of depression
have been identified
, and within each type, a wide range of
symptoms of varying degrees of severity exists. The following
is a brief overview of the different types of depression.

Symptoms of Depression

Although the various types of depression are quite distinct, they
all share a common group of symptoms. Often a diagnosis hinges
on how many of the symptoms are present, and how severely
they affect the individual. Symptoms of depression include:

-sadness
-anger
-feelings of “emptiness”
-pessimism about future events
-low energy levels and low sex drive
-mental impairment (difficulty concentrating, loss of memory)

Major Depression

If several of the above symptoms are present for a period of
at least two weeks and are present at a particularly intense
level, a psychologist or psychiatrist might diagnose major
depression. Major depression may occur only once in a
lifetime, or it may recur throughout life. Combinations of
therapy and medication are usually used to treat major
depression.

Dysthymia

Dysthymia presents with much the same symptoms as a
major depression, but the symptoms are less severe.
 
Dysthymia generally lasts longer than major depression: a
diagnosis of dysthymia requires that symptoms of depression
have been present for two or more years. Like a major
depression, dysthymia is treated with medication, therapy,
or a combination of the two. Dysthymia tends to be more
resistant to treatment than major depressions, and lasts
longer if left untreated.

Bipolar Disorder

Also known as manic depression, bipolar disorder is
characterized by periods of depression interspersed with
periods of mania. Over two million Americans suffer from
bipolar disorder. While depressive periods have similar
symptoms to other types of depression, mania symptoms
are quite different, and include euphoria, a false sense of
well-being, poor judgment, inappropriate social behavior
and an unrealistic view of personal abilities.

Post Partum Depression

Eighty percent of women experience the “baby blues”
after the birth of a child: hormonal changes, the physical
stresses of birth, and the emotional strain of new
responsibilities can make the first few weeks after a birth
emotionally trying. The “blues” usually last two to
three weeks, and then resolve without any need for
treatment.

For ten percent of new mothers, however, the blues don’t
go away. Instead, they develop into post partum
depression. Without treatment, post partum depression
can develop into a major depression or dysthymia.

Postpartum Psychosis

Postpartum psychosis is a rare complication of post
partum depression. Only one or two out of every thousand
women are affected by it. The woman begins to display
psychotic behavior, often directed at the new baby.
Hallucinations and delusions are common. Postpartum
psychosis is a serious condition that puts the lives of
both mother and child at risk.

Risk Factors for Depression

Depression may develop when one or more of these
factors are present:

-a family history of depression
-a personal history of depression
-chronic stress
-death of a loved one
-chronic pain or illness
-drug or alcohol abuse.

Depression Myths

Popular culture creates many misconceptions about
depression. Depression is not:

-a sign of weakness
-untreatable
-a personal failing
-just feeling sad.
 

Coping With Depression
 
In addition to medications and therapy, there is further 
help for those dealing with depression in their lives.  On 
the Internet, free depression chat rooms and discussion forums are the

online version of support groups. 
 
And speaking of support groups, there are 

free depression support groups in many cities throughout 
the U.S. and beyond. Help, empathy and compassion is often

found in the company of others.
 
Depression and anxiety go hand-in-hand with some people.  
Learn more about the
signs and symptoms of anxiety here.
 

Take A Depression Test
 
Although there are different types of depression, the symptoms
are similar. Taking a depression screening and getting more 
depression information is a first step toward getting better.
 
You may decide to go to your doctor and ask him/her for a 
depression screening.  Or a depression test online may give
you enough information
to take the next steps.

There are several trusted, and 
confidential online depression screenings and tests:

Goldberg Depression Scale

Depression Screening

Mania Screening Test

(Keep in mind that the mania test is for Bipolar Disorder--
when someone goes through a period of depression, then 
a period of mania, this comprises Bipolar Disorder.) 

Geriatric Depression Mood Scale

 

Learn more below about psychotherapy and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

 

 What type of therapy is best?

What is REBT? How does it help?
What is Stress?? Psychotherapy defined
Understanding Irrational Thinking The 12 Irrational Beliefs of REBT
The ABCs of REBT What are Rational Beliefs?
ABCs Worksheet ABC Disputing Chart
Keeping Emotions in Check 10 Happiness Beliefs
Healthy Relationship Defined Help for Relationships
Self-Esteem Defined How to Accept Yourself

 

Help for depression, anger, anxiety, and marriage, Tampa

 

More Depression Help

Free Depression group meetings

What type of therapy is best and how does it work?

Free Online Forums for Depression, Anxiety, more

Free Depression Help from SelfGrowth.com

How to Help a Loved One with Depression

Online Counseling for Depression

Depression Herbals

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)?

Are There Variations of CBT? What is REBT?

Online Counseling for Depression

How Does CBT and REBT Provide Relief & Help?

Using CBT/REBT to Overcome Depression, Anxiety

How CBT/REBT Can Help For Anxiety & Panic

Recommended CBT & REBT Self-Help Books

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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